and the UNeXpLaiNed ©Copyrighted by Dave Ayotte & Caty Bergman





          01.01 SUMMARY
          01.02 DEFINITIONS

    02.00 HISTORY

          02.01 ANCIENT ASTRONAUTS
          02.02 PRE MODERN AGE
          02.02 MODERN AGE
          02.03 TIMELINE


          03.01 REVIEW


          04.01 APR-26-2013 [FRI]   17:11 PDT

    06.00 FOOTNOTES
    09.00 etc...



          01.01 SUMMARY
          01.02 DEFINITIONS

  01.01      INTRODUCTION: Summary

<ABBR>UFO</ABBR>s? What are they?
Unidentified Flying Objects (or UFOs) are objects spotted flying in the sky that seem to be "intelligently controlled" and are (as yet) unidentified. This is what most people are discussing when they talk about UFOs, but technically the "intelligently controlled" part is not necessary for an object in the sky to be considered a UFO. That "intelligently controlled" part is kind of assumed when just about anyone talks about them though, but for the purposes of our research, and our discussion here, we will start with asking just what makes a UFO unidentified and then explore some of the possible explanations for some of them.

To put it simply, what makes a UFO unidentified is that its origins are, as yet, unidentified. Identifying something that's unidentified is the easy part, the tricky part is proving it. Some explanations make sense to me and are more probable than others, but some stretch the boundaries of my imagination. Dave just shakes his head, and mutters under his breath something about a bunch of thick-headed idiots running things, or something like that. I use to point out to him that he is sometimes just as thick headed as they are. That's probably why he mutters it under his breath now. He's tired of me pointing this out to him. Ha ha.

Anyway, the thing that bothers me about some of these explanations (swamp gas, lenticular clouds, the planet Venus, Mercury or Mars, or pixel residue for example) are their utter silliness when examined with a critical thinker's eye. Even though many of them were more probable than ships from another planet, saying they were really misidentified planets when those same planets were not in that part of the sky at that time, doesn't really help a skeptic's belief that "all" UFOs are either hoaxes or misidentified objects.

Even so, one of my favorite explanations, next to some of Dave's wild ideas, are insect swarms. This explanation, next to fireballs and ball lightning, is the only probable one that makes sense when the UFO actually moves like it is, or they are, intelligently controlled. Bug swarms, or even bird swarms, although not impossible, and are probably more probable than most of us think, are not the answer either, because how are these swarms getting up high enough so that even astronauts are seeing them? And how about the predominate shape that UFOs seem to be going for today, the triangle shape? How in blazes are swarms doing that?

Of course the arguement would be that geese fly in a triangle shape when they fly in a kind of small swarm, but swarms of insects, large enough to blot out part of the sky, flying along at either cruising or higher speeds? Dave laughs at the idea saying, using my logic against me, that it's as probable as them coming from another planet. Probability can be a two-way street, but I did try to correct him by saying the odds are probably better that they are caused by swarms than extraterrestrial sightseers. With his theory, you have to assume they're at least more advanced than us to make the probabilities work, but with swarms, it's already a scientific reality, albeit on a smaller scale. He finally agreed that I was right, but for only that reason and that reason alone. I call that a small victory for critical thinkers everywhere.

The triangle UFOs of today especially eliminates all the other explanations too, including fireballs, meteors, and ball lightning, except for the top four. These are that (1) they are in reality top-secret military research and development aircraft, or (2) that all of them are hoaxes, or (3) the result of some kind of mass hysteria or hypnosis or, to put it simply, it's all an hallucination (mass or singular, take your pick). The fourth one is that they actually are from another planet or from inside the Earth, which leads us neatly into our next discussion.

Which is an examination of the evidence that some people believe (Dave included) makes it possible that there just might be (however improbable) some kind of extraterrestrial (or intraterrestrial) intelligence behind them, which will ultimately lead us to look over the evidence that maybe might suggest where they're really from and where they go while they're here and why.

On the agenda also for later is a discussion about this "mass hysteria" theory, possible military involvement, and also the ugly head of hoaxing and why would anyone want to do that. But first, let's go over some of the more important technical problems first.

Even though Dave still basicly believes that they're intelligently controlled and are from either another planet or inside the earth, he's willing to admit that not all of them are real, and that some of them are probably either secret military aircraft or hoaxes, but and here I agree, he doesn't think that it necessarily follows that all UFOs are hoaxes because some of them are. I agree that some of them are still unidentified, but I hesitate to call any of them from outer space. Not because I don't want to believe they are from outer space, that would be super fantastic in my opinion, but because the critical thinker in me wishes there was way better evidence.

The major stumbling block for most of the scientific community to accept the outer space origins of UFOs is mostly because of the physics that needs to be overcome for someone to travel from the nearest planet known to science today, or for us to go there. Considering that the nearest star, Proxima Centauri (scientific name: V645 Cen), is over 4 lightyears away (most scientist believe some kind of heat source, like a star, at the minimum, is needed for a planet to harbor any kind of life); that would definitely be one long trip, and practically impossible, considering the amount of speed needed to travel just so we could do it in just one of our lifetimes.

As luck would have it, the nearest star (Proxima Centauri) is also part of a star system (Alpha Centauri) that might also have a planet (Alpha Centauri Bb) orbiting one of the stars (Alpha Centauri B):


"The system may also contain at least one planet, the Earth-sized Alpha Centauri Bb, which if confirmed will be the closest known exoplanet to Earth. The planet has a mass at least 113% of Earth's and orbits Alpha Centauri B with a period of 3.236 days. Orbiting at a distance of 6 million kilometers from the star, 4% of the distance of the Earth to the Sun and a tenth of the distance between Mercury and the sun, the planet has an estimated surface temperature of 1500 K (roughly 1200 °C), too hot to be habitable."

But, even if that nearest planet were habitable (who's to really say that fire, crystals or ice aren't a form of life that we just don't understand yet), there's still that original distance of over 4 lightyears that needs to be traveled, which when multipled out comes to over 42 trillion kilometres (or 25.2 trillion miles). That's a long way to go in a car. At 60 miles per hour (MPH), it would take at the least 420 billion hours (or over 47 million years) to get there by car, and even if we multiply 60 MPH by 1,000 (60 x 1,000 = 60,000 MPH), it would still end up taking over 47 thousand (47,945) years. And, even if we multiplied THAT by 1,000 (60,000 x 1,000 = 60 million MPH, almost one tenth the speed of light), it would still take over 40 (47.95) years to get there, and that doesn't even include the return trip. Needless to say, nothing that we have now, nor have any idea how to build yet, could travel at that speed. The ship would also have to have a power supply or a way to create all the energy needed to move that fast, and that far, and also be able to supply or resupply all the air, water and food the crew would need for that kind of journey, and what happens if they break down along the way? And that doesn't even begin to take into account that navigation would also be one hell of a challenge, not to mention the G Forces the crew would have to endure along the way.

And, that's why many people think it's impossible for UFOs to come from another planet. We like to adjust the word "impossible" in that statement to "practically impossible", you'll understand why later.

Dave does bring up an interesting point of which I agree, and that is if we assume the extraterrestrials' understanding of physics is the same as ours, then that does lower the probability tremendously that UFOs really are from another planet, but what if it isn't? What if their understanding of physics is a thousand years ahead of ours? It's like asking ourselves just what will our understanding of physics be in a thousand years, and what will we be able to do with that information and where will we be able to go?

It's a mind boggling idea really, especially considering how far and fast science (particularily physics and electronics) has advanced in the last hundred years alone, but proving it is near impossible. It's like trying to prove something will happen before it happens. There are some ways to theoretically prove it might be possible, and one of the things at the top of that list that scientist need to know in order to get onboard with this idea, short of a major physics changing discovery (like time travel for example), is some mathematical formula or formulas (or equations) that show that it's even just a little feasible that traveling lightyear distances is possible, and not just theoretically feasible, but actually feasible in the practical sense. The only thing we know for sure right now that this is even way less than slightly possible, although still highly theoretical, is the theory that traveling at the speed of light stops time, and that one of the ways to theoretically do this is to use wormholes, like tunnels or bridges, to get from one point in space to another point, regardless of the distance between them.

Theoretically, when you enter one end of a wormhole, no matter where the other end is, you are suppose to instantaneously appear at that other end, like walking through a door, with maybe half your body going into the door, and the other half coming out, except that the very center of the doorway can be any distance you want, even up to a trillion lightyears away. It's one of the anomolies of space and time that were discovered when science began to finally take a real serious look at Einstein's theories and the mathematics on which they were based. Of course, if we were at the subatomic level and tried to get from one side of a door to the other, it would take longer than it takes us now, so in a way, we're already kind of doing what a wormhole would do except on a whole different level, or something like that. Maybe we just need to be bigger? A million times bigger. Would we collapse into ourselves if we were that big? What if we didn't? At that height, it would take almost a half a minute (approximately 25 seconds) for the light from our shoes to reach our eyes. Wow!

Problems in physics are interesting to think about, especially if you don't have to do the math, ha ha. Not that there's anything wrong with doing math. No, not at all, as George and Jerry once said to each other in one of those episodes of "Seinfeld" we all love to hate.

A discussion on Physics and Wormholes would make this webpage longer than it needs to be, so we'll have to set up a new webpage later specifically dedicated to Physics, but until we do that, we'd like to atleast say a little something about Quantum Mechanics and String Theory here, then a quick discussion about Occam's Razor before we finally get down and dirty and begin discussing the history of UFOs.

Simply put, Quantum Mechanics (also known as QM, quantum physics, or quantum theory) involves the study of physics at the subatomic level. One of the most interesting theories to come out of the field of QM is called String Theory. This new theory supposes that each or almost all the subatomic particles that make up the known universe are ultimately made up of a large quantity of tightly packed waves of energy called strings. If this theory is correct, it means that all matter is really made up of energy, and energy is easier to move at the speed of light than matter itself is.

Me and Dave have had some pretty interesting discussions about String Theory and one of the most interesting avenues we've taken was the idea that if all matter is ultimately energy, then that makes matter (and possibly reality itself) all an illusion. We don't want to take credit for this particular train of thought, because Dave tells me that the reason he even brought it up to begin with was because of a discussion he remembers hearing while watching a TV show one day. It was called "Northern Exposure", but he doesn't remember what specific episode it was. All he remembers is that it was about a Circus coming to Cicely and the discussion, about matter being an illusion, was between Chris (the morning DJ for the only radio station in town) and one of the Circus people, or something like that. The idea has probably been around for way longer than that, but that's when Dave first remembers hearing about it anyway, and he also remembers that this particular discussion is what got him first interested in physics and ultimately String Theory.

Although String Theory (and the possibility that matter is really just energy) is a difficult (if not an almost impossible) theory to prove, it's still an interesting possibility, which brings with a whole boatload of other possibilities, like the possibility that some of Dave's weird beliefs might be possible. It opens the door to the possibility that matter can shapeshift.

Now let's assume for a minute that String Theory is true, imagine what could become possible if we were able to unlock the secret of what holds those strings together and be able to figure out how to swap them instantaneously with another batch of strings a million lightyears away, or maybe we'll be able to shift shapes around like a human into a werewolf (that's one of Dave's favorite subjects by the way) or into anything. If all matter really is an illusion anyway, why couldn't that be possible?

Another interesting possibility that also kind of comes from QM is the belief that anything is possible, just not always probable, which if you've read enough of our website, you'll notice we use that phrase alot here, and that's the way our discussions go also, Dave comes up with the wild ideas, and I do the probabilities.

Some Physicist argue that sometimes the possible probabilities are zero which means they're impossible. But, some of them are not so sure about that and believe that the more exact a calculation for probabilities is, and even if the zero ends up being an impossibly small number as a result, it's still a probability.

Me and Dave tend to lean towards believing also that nothing can really reach zero, and even if the probability is an impossibly small number (say a decimal point followed by a million, billion, trillion zeroes with a one at the end), that's still a probability that we like to call "practically impossible".

For example, although a four-sided triangle seems impossible, Dave thinks it's possible if you look at the area of the triangle as the fourth side. I admit it's a weird way of looking at it, but it does kind of prove that even something seemingly impossible might be possible if you look at in the right way. But, that's just our opinion and that doesn't even begin to make it a fact.

When we first started to discuss how we were going to put this page together about UFOs, the first thing we talked about was what exactly made them unidentified, then we tried to figure out how to hoax each sighting or experience if we could, while at the same time using the principle of Occam's Razor to decide where exactly to concentrate our more indepth research.

The only problem Dave had with this approach was that the most interesting aspect of UFO research, and that was the interstellar possibilities, would be practically ignored. So we compromised and put that almost at the very top of what we first discussed up above, but there's more involved than just the physics. Much much more, but we'll get into that later.

Let's stop here for a minute and discuss Occam's Razor. If you've ever done enough research into any kind of unexplained phenomenon, especially UFOs, you've probably run across that term before:


"Occam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor, Latin lex parsimoniae) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness used in logic and problem-solving. It states that among competing hypotheses, the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be selected."

We like to add at the end of that, " ...the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be selected [and that's where you should begin your research, not end it]," rather than leave it open so people can assume if it passes the test of Occam's Razor, it automatically becomes the one and only answer to the problem, which is kind of ironic in a way, because doesn't that assumption violate the whole spirit of the principle? We could get into a long and philosophical discussion about assumptions, but when it comes down to it, our assumption that their assumption is wrong is just as bad as their assumption that we're wrong, except that our assumption is more in line with what we think should also be the central philosophy for all scientific inquiry, and that is to do it with an open-mind. This philosophy behind science, we think, should always overide all assumptions that eliminate keeping your mind open to any possibility, and we'll leave it at that.

Interestingly enough, the "Skeptics Dictionary" seems to agree with us here:


"Until proved otherwise, the more complex theory competing with a simpler explanation should be put on the back burner, but not thrown onto the trash heap of history until proven false."

Anyway, enough said about all that, let's get to the fun part, the history of UFOs; which is weird enough to kind of help prove that old adage that nothing is stranger than fact, even fiction, or something like that, but before we start on that roller coaster ride, let's hear a word or two from our definition squad...

  01.02      INTRODUCTION: Definitions

AQUARIUS: An alleged project codename started in 1954 by Pres. Eisenhower, but not officially named until 1960, that was started up to study the possible technology of UFO's and IAC's.

KJV: King James Version

IAC: Identified Alien Craft

OCCAM'S RAZOR: A principle used in logic and problem-solving. It states that among competing hypotheses, the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be selected, and that's where you should begin your research, not end it.

OVNI: Spanish for UFO.

REDLIGHT: Code name for an alleged project to fly alien aircraft.

SNOWBIRD: In 1962, project Redlight allegedly resumed under this new code name.

STRING THEORY: This new theory suggest that most, if not all, of the subatomic particles that make up the known Universe are in reality just a collection of tightly packed waves of energy called strings.

UFO: Unidentified Flying Objects

USO: Unidentified Submerged Objects


          02.01 ANCIENT ASTRONAUTS

              02.01A PETROGLYPHS
              02.01B THE BIBLE
              02.01C THE THEORY
              02.01D OTHER EARLY EVIDENCE

          02.02 PRE MODERN AGE
          02.03 MODERN AGE
          02.99 TIMELINE

              02.99B PRE MODERN AGE TIMELINE
              02.99C MODERN AGE TIMELINE

  02.01      HISTORY: Ancient Astronauts

One of my favorite theories is the Ancient Astronaut theory. Of all the one's I've heard from Dave and others I've read while doing research for this website, this is the one I wish would become true the most, but unfortunately, and even though there's a lot of intriguing evidence, the probabilities are so low, they're practically nil.

Until someone (or something) actually comes here and proves that he (or she) are really from another planet and the easiest way to do that would be by showing them how they did it, show them the craft, give them the mathematical formulas, bring someone back with them, but until that actually happens, UFOs will always be the punchline to many many unearned jokes.

But, that has never stopped Dave from talking about it like it's a proven fact. In a way, I'm glad he does still believe in them. The debates between us are worth it. I just think it's an interesting subject. In all honesty, the same kind of thing goes on with evolution. There are a lot of people, including many scientist, that talk about it as though it's a fact, and last time I checked, it was still just a theory and not a law.

I'm not in anyway putting down the theory of evolution, there is more evidence to prove it's true... it's just that, in my mind anyway,there are just a few unanswered questions that make me wonder just a little whether it's the real biological "theory of how everything," came to be, the holy grail of life itself. I myself think, and Dave agrees with me here, that DNA is really the holy grail.

DNA, for example, has no evolutionary history. It just seems to have popped up in some tidepool a million or so years ago. Like we always say, anything's possible, just not always probable. There are many more questions, but for all intent and purposes, we consider evolution a good litmus test for where scientific thought and research is currently headed. Let's just say that it's what much of current science itself uses as a lithmus test for where research should be headed and leave it at that.

Anyway, the best source for Astronaut theories are the books written by Erich von Däniken, he is not the originator of this theory, but he is credited with popularizing it in the public's imagination.

Probably some of the most intriguing evidence can be found in ancient petroglyphs and geoglyph carvings and man-made formations, some of which have been around for at least a couple thousand years Let's start with the petroglyphic evidence.

    02.01A:     Petroglyphs                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

We've found something right away, look specifically a quarter way down the following page:


"United States - Native Americans

"Petroglyphs dating back thousands of years ago by ancient Indians in the American Southwest. According to Indian folklore, two objects collided high in the sky and one crash-landed in the region of Death Valley. Some men arrived (presumably in another ship) and spent some time repairing the damaged craft and were observed by the local Indians. The two images below may possibly depict the ship (left) used by the men who came to repair the damaged craft. In comparing the two images, the one on the right seems to depict structural damage around the edges and the bottom. Could it be the one that allegedly crashed? The images are stills taken from an old TV series entitled 'In search of...' hosted by Leonard Nimoy."

Me and Dave have both looked at the photo at the above source (specifically about a quarter of the way down the page under the same title quoted above, "United States - Native Americans") and it's hard not to see two UFOs in the photo there. They kinda look like two round derby hats, in a way. But, what exactly does "thousands of years" mean? Does it mean two thousand, four thousand or maybe even older than that. We need to get more information in that area.

Anyway after the above website, we found another awesome one with pages and pages of the many ancient petroglyphs from around the world that look like either ancient astronauts or UFOs.

Petroglyphs and Cave Art -

We also found a US National Monument that's suppose to have the largest number of petroglyphs in the world:

Petroglyph National Monument - NM  USA:

Petroglyphs are carvings in rock, sometimes found in caves, and some of them even do suspiciously look like either UFOs or astronauts of some kind, and you can't deny it. But just because they look like something, doesn't mean that's what they are. It's no different when someone says it isn't a UFO, that don't mean they're right either. The only reason science doesn't recognize UFOs or Ancient Astronauts is because of the currently accepted theory of Homo sapien evolution, and that theory is that Homo sapiens evolved from the chimpanzee:


"Homo sapiens originated in Africa, where it reached anatomical modernity about 200,000 years ago and began to exhibit full behavioral modernity around 50,000 years ago. The human lineage diverged from the last common ancestor with its closest living relative, the chimpanzee, some five million years ago, evolving into the Australopithecines and eventually the genus Homo. The first Homo species to move out of Africa was Homo erectus, the African variety of which, together with Homo heidelbergensis, is considered to be the immediate ancestor of modern humans. Homo sapiens proceeded to colonize the continents, arriving in Eurasia 125,000-60,000 years ago, Australia around 40,000 years ago, the Americas around 15,000 years ago, and remote islands such as Hawaii, Easter Island, Madagascar, and New Zealand between the years AD 300 and 1280."

Right off, we seem to be finding different dates concerning when humans crossed into America. Another source states that they crossed about 11,000 years ago. Something else we'll also have to look into further.

Anyway, those petroglyphs certainly do give one pause, but regardless of that, the probabilites are with evolution and religion over UFOs and Ancient Astronauts. Mostly because it is more believable, but that doesn't mean you should dismiss the whole UFO or ancient astronaut theory all together. Keeping an open-mind should be the bedrock of all scientific research, but unfortunately, science doesn't put much stock in the whole UFO fiasco.

Dave believes UFO and Ancient Astronauts are more than just believable, it's what happened. I, myself, believe it's more probable they aren't real, but that don't make it impossible, just less probable that they are.

I just have a hard time wrapping my mind around the idea that some of those damn glyphs we saw are just coincidence or misinterpreted religious symbols, and that's my story, and I'm sticking to it.

When petroglyphs get large enough, and they are carved into the geology, like hillsides or mountaintops, then they are called geoglyphs. The best example of these are the Nazca Lines in Peru. These are so large, you can only fully see them from the air. Which is kind of why some people think they are possible leftover evidence of a landing strip for some kind of ancient flying machine. Map location of where the Nazca Lines are, Peru

I do have to admit that the design does remind me of what an airport looks like from the air, but that detracts from the Ancient Astronaut theory just a little. What detracts from it is the supposition that an intelligent being would fly at least 4 million light years in a plane similar to the ones we use today. I personally just think they would be more advanced.

Dave suggested an interesting theory that he admits he originally got as a result of his fascination with the TV series franchise created by Gene Roddenberry (currently under the ownership of CBS), the original Star Trek. He also remembers that NASA also used the same concept with their first Apollo mission to the moon. The idea probably didn't start with NASA, but that's the earliest Dave remembers learning about it.

His idea is that Extraterrestrials came in vehicles that carried the airplanes with them that they used once they got here. That's a possibility, but another one is that they are so advanced that they can design airplanes that can fly that long a distance, but still haven't advanced enough to make them easier to land than our planes. This seems highly unlikely, but still a possibility nonetheless.

Although the theories about Ancient Astronauts using the Nazca Lines like airports is very intersting, I do tend to agree with the science community on this one that they are religious symbols, but what I don't understand is why are they are so big. The obvious conclusion is that they were made that big so they could be seen from the air, or from heaven. That not only gives creedence to the explanation that they could be religious symbols and that's all they are, at least according to the scientific community anyway, but it also gives a little creedence to the idea that whomever built these lines might have had contact with these Gods.

In short, the scientific communities explanation is more believable than the explanation involving Astronauts from another planet, but there is a long history of the scientific community's beliefs being sometimes challenged and sometimes ultimately proven wrong, maybe this is one of those times. Only more research, and maybe a lot of time, will tell us for sure.

The Ancient Astronaut theory involves more than just petroglyphs and geoglyphs and we'll get into that more later after we finish discussing The Bible which we will do next.

    02.01B:     The Bible                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Probably one of the oldest and most respected books around is The Holy Bible. There's very little about it to prove that everything in it is accurate, but it is a well respected book regardless, and that gives anything from it some credibility, but it's not what it says that's the problem, it's the interpretations that are more often criticized then the source is.

With that in mind, here are some of the more note worthy passages that might be possible descriptions of UFOs:

The dates in parenthesis next to Books from The Bible are the approximate dates they were written according to the second source listed below:


GENESIS 6:2-4 (1445-1405 B.C.)
"That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
"NOTE: In the original text, the translation 'Giant' really meant 'Nephilim'"
EXODUS 14:19-20 (1445-1405 B.C.)
"And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night."

EXODUS 14:24 (1445-1405 B.C.)
"And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians... "

EXODUS 19:18 (1445-1405 B.C.)
"And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly."

2 KINGS 2:11-12 (561-538 B.C.)
"And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces."

EZEKIEL 10:8-22 (590-570 B.C.)
"And there appeared in the cherubims the form of a man's hand under their wings. And when I looked, behold the four wheels by the cherubims, one wheel by one cherub, and another wheel by another cherub: and the appearance of the wheels was as the colour of a beryl stone. And as for their appearances, they four had one likeness, as if a wheel had been in the midst of a wheel. When they went, they went upon their four sides; they turned not as they went, but to the place whither the head looked they followed it; they turned not as they went. And their whole body, and their backs, and their hands, and their wings, and the wheels, were full of eyes round about, even the wheels that they four had. As for the wheels, it was cried unto them in my hearing, O wheel. And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle. And the cherubims were lifted up. This is the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar. And when the cherubims went, the wheels went by them: and when the cherubims lifted up their wings to mount up from the earth, the same wheels also turned not from beside them. When they stood, these stood; and when they were lifted up, these lifted up themselves also: for the spirit of the living creature was in them. Then the glory of the LORD departed from off the threshold of the house, and stood over the cherubims. And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight: when they went out, the wheels also were beside them, and every one stood at the door of the east gate of the LORD's house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above. This is the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar; and I knew that they were the cherubims. Every one had four faces apiece, and every one four wings; and the likeness of the hands of a man was under their wings. And the likeness of their faces was the same faces which saw by the river of Chebar, their appearances and themselves: they went every one straight forward."

The note mentioned earlier above about Nephilim, after the GENESIS 6:2-4 passage, is explained further below:


" ...were the offspring of the 'sons of God' and the 'daughters of men' according to Genesis 6:4; and giants who inhabited Canaan according to Numbers 13:33. A similar biblical Hebrew word with different vowel-sounds is used in Ezekiel 32:27 to refer to dead Philistine warriors."

There maybe more references than just the ones above, and when we find them, we'll add them here, but the ones we have already are pretty good examples of passages that could be interpreted as possible UFO reports of the ancient kind, and interesting for that reason alone. There's more too. Not only does some of The Holy Bible reads like an ancient UFO report, but there are other books that were excluded from the final version we see today that have some even odder stories that anyone would be hardpressed to explain as anything but a UFO sighting of some kind.

Me and Dave both don't know what any of those Bible reports actually are, although Dave tends to be biased in favor of the UFO explanation, but I personally just don't know, there's just not enough good or real evidence to prove it one way or the other unless you use Occam's Razor as a starting point which would tell me that the descriptions are merely methaphorical or analogous in nature, or simply put, they are used to take the place of something else to make or prove a point, like the moral of a story. We'll leave it at that for the time being, and get back to this discussion later.

But the UFO-like stories don't end there, not by a long shot. There are also some very interesting religious coincidences that suspiciously resemble at least a couple modern day UFO-like reports. For example, this whole business about Jesus and Muhammad rising or ascending up to Heaven together, only Jesus did it first almost 600 years earlier. These are one of the things that we're looking into also.

    02.01C:     The Theory                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

One of the best sources around about the ancient astronaut theories and the evidence, are the books written by Erich von Däniken, not so much to convince you that Däniken is on the right track, but because some of the evidence being used today to suggest that "ancient astronauts" visited the Earth long ago can be found in his books, especially his book the Chariot of the Gods?. Dave thinks his theories are right on, while I just like them because they show a willingness to look at things in an open-minded way. I have no idea whether they're accurate or not, I'm just glad someone's got the courage to ask them. There is nothing wrong, in my book, with asking questions. How can anyone expect any answers until you first ask questions. Science shouldn't be like a game show where you already get the answers before you even ask the questions.

A rule I have whenever I read controversial theories is to also read the opposing views as soon after as I can arrange it. Probably some of the most noteworthy opposing responses to Erich von Däniken include a documentary by Nova called "The Case of the Ancient Astronauts", and the following:


"Ronald Story published The Space Gods Revealed: A Close Look At The Theories of Erich Von Däniken in 1976, written in response to the evidence presented in Däniken's Chariots of the Gods?. It was reviewed as 'a coherent and much-needed refutation of Von Däniken's theories.'"

"A 2004 article in Skeptic Magazine states that Däniken took many of the book's concepts from The Morning of the Magicians, that this book in turn was heavily influenced by the Cthulhu Mythos, and that the core of the ancient astronaut theory originates in H. P. Lovecraft's short stories 'The Call of Cthulhu' written in 1926, and 'At the Mountains of Madness' written in 1931."

Although we haven't seen the Nova Documentary yet, we hope to soon, but we do know some of the things that were debunked, such as the map showing Antartica, and the rust-free iron pillar of unknown origin that wasn't really rust-free, and most of his evidence breaks down under close examination. But interestingly enough, some of the criticism aimed at Däniken is that he gets some of the numbers wrong, and also that he is a plagiarist, that he passes off other people's ideas as his own.


"Soon after the publication of Chariots of the Gods? von Däniken was accused of stealing the ideas of French author Robert Charroux."

I think the complaints about plagiarism does little, if anything, to discredit Däniken's basic theory. It's more a criticism of the messenger than the message. Nor does giving out wrong numbers debunk anything about the Ancient Astronaut theory either.

Sure it doesn't look good when you say something weighs 800 pounds, when all it really weighs is a 130 tons, but let's get real here for a minute folks, if the real weight was 100 pounds instead of 130 tons, than yeah, you got a good reason to say that kind of mistake helps to debunk some of his theories, but 130 tons is still a whole lotta weight. That still doesn't make it right and hopefully Däniken has fixed this mistake. One thing that does look bad is that mistakes like that reflect on your research and how thorough it was and that alone can undermine anyone's work, but use it as a basis for debunking a whole theory? Sorry, neither me nor Dave believe that one.

Of course, we also realize the irony of assuming that Däniken is wrong about the weight and the one criticising him is right, but we'll also double check the numbers at some point later to see which is right, and which is wrong.

Of course we're not advocating plagiarism either, if Däniken knew his ideas had originated with Robert Charroux and still didn't give him credit, than that is not right and he should fix that, but if he didn't know about Charroux until after he had written his book, then he can be forgiven, but that's hard to prove now. Here's more from Wikipedia about Robert Charroux and his Ancient Astronaut theories:


"Charroux was a pioneer of the theory of ancient astronauts, publishing at least six non-fiction works in this genre in the last decade of his life, including One Hundred Thousand Years of Man's Unknown History (1963, 1970), Forgotten Worlds (1973), Masters of the World (1974), The Gods Unknown (1974) and Legacy of the Gods (1974).

"The influence that Charroux's first work (in its 1963 version) had on Erich Von Däniken's first books (ca. 1966), as well as the influence that Von Däniken's early books had on Charroux, is widely appreciated, but Von Däniken seems to have been equally familiar with an earlier French work, The Morning of the Magicians by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier (1960), which is likely to have been a direct inspiration for both Charroux and Von Däniken. Charroux's publisher contacted Von Däniken's in March 1968 concerning evidence of plagiarism, with the result that later printings of Chariots of the Gods and Return to the Stars at least mentioned Charroux in the bibliography.

"Charroux's theories concerning Ancient Astronauts were criticised by French archaeologist Jean-Pierre Adam in 1975.

"A similar writer on Ancient Astronauts who predated both Charroux and Von Däniken was Brinsley Le Poer Trench, whose first book on the topic was published in 1960. The earliest writer on Ancient Astronauts seems to have been Morris K. Jessup, whose book UFOs and the Bible was first published in 1956.

It seems from the above passage that Däniken did at least credit Charroux finally in the bibliography of subsequent printings. That, for us anyway, is the end of it except to mention that it's still the ideas themselves that are important and not from where they came, and one thing that no one can not deny is that Däniken books are what really got the world talking about Ancient Astronauts, and as a result also put a spotlight on the other authors who probably would never have received such publicity otherwise.

We have finally found a copy of the Nova Documentary mentioned above, and are right this minute watching it and although much of it does kind of disprove some of Däniken's theories, there are still at least a couple of things they couldn't explain.

Well more than just a couple, but we'll take some of these on as we discuss the other earlier evidence next.

    02.01D:     Other Early Evidence                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Probably some of the most mysterious places on Earth are the pyramid like structures found all over the world, that are over thousands of years old:

ALGERIA (Numidia): King's burial conical pyramids of ancient Madghacen
CHINA: Ancient Korean tomb in Ji'an, Tomb of the General
GREECE: Pyramide Von Hellinikon
INDIA: Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur Temple
INDONESIA: Central Java, Borobudur
IRAN: Khuzestan province, Chogha Zanbil, an ancient Elamite complex
IRAN: Koh Ker, Prasat Thom Temple
MEXICO: Pyramid in the Mayan city of Chichen Itza
MEXICO: Teotihuacan, Pyramid of the Moon
SPAIN: Tenerife, Pyramids of Güímar

The best known pyramids are of course the Egyptian pyramids located on the Necropolis of the Giza Plateau. They are amazing structures that according to conventional wisdom are believed to have been built around 3,200 to 2,560 B.C., but there is some evidence that they are older than that. The evidence is a water worn look to the rocks, like they survived some kind of long-term rainy period, but that area of Northern Africa (the Sahara Desert) where the Giza Plateau is located hasn't seen any measurable amount of rain for at least nine or ten thousand years ago.

Dave just reminded me that maybe it wasn't the Great Pyramid that showed signs of water wear, but the Sphynx. I think he's right, but before we talk about the Sphynx, let's get back to the Great Pyramids.

Anyway, no matter how old they really are, they're still considered technical marvels, especially the Great Pyramid (Pyramid of Khufu). They're are many estimations as to how long it took to build, and depending on the criteria, it was technically possible to have built them in anywhere from ten to twenty years, according to some authorities.


"It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu and was constructed over a 20 year period. Khufu's vizier, Hemon, or Hemiunu, is believed by some to be the architect of the Great Pyramid. It is thought that, at construction, the Great Pyramid was originally 280 Egyptian cubits tall, 146.5 metres (480.6 ft) but with erosion and absence of its pyramidion, its present height is 138.8 metres (455.4 ft). Each base side was 440 cubits, 230.4 metres (755.9 ft) long. The mass of the pyramid is estimated at 5.9 million tonnes. The volume, including an internal hillock, is roughly 2,500,000 cubic metres. Based on these estimates, building this in 20 years would involve installing approximately 800 tonnes of stone every day. Similarly, since it consists of an estimated 2.3 million blocks, completing the building in 20 years would involve moving an average of more than 12 of the blocks into place each hour, day and night. The first precision measurements of the pyramid were made by Egyptologist Sir Flinders Petrie in 1880–82 and published as The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh. Almost all reports are based on his measurements. Many of the casing stones and inner chamber blocks of the Great Pyramid were fit together with extremely high precision. Based on measurements taken on the north eastern casing stones, the mean opening of the joints is only 0.5 millimetres wide (1/50th of an inch)."

It has been calculated that over 2.3 million limestone blocks of varying weights and sizes were needed to make up the entire structure of the Great Pyramid. The Nova documentary we mentioned earlier, that tried to disprove Däniken's Ancient Astronaut theories, showed where the stones may have come from, and how they were cut. The documentary also explained that with a work force of 100,000 to pull and assemble one block every five minutes it would have been possible.

Assuming all of that is true and that they also had the food to feed such a large crew everyday and the trees (if they used trees to roll the blocks). Let's assume that's all true, and I personally am skeptical that both could be met, but it definitely wasn't impossible. But, what moves it closer to impossible, especially considering the kind of tools they had back then, that many of the stones fit together with a tolerance, or gap, of no more than 1/50th of an inch, or 0.5 millimetres.

Of course even if you consider that these blocks are made of limestone, which is a relatively soft stone and easy to cut, it's very hard to imagine (even assuming all of them were precision craftsmen and had the tools to do the job) how they could cut and precisely shape many of the stones to meet the tolerances mentioned above. During the Nova documentary, they demonstrated how fast they could cut the stones from a close by quarry using the tools available back then, and we both admit that it was a pretty impressive demonstration and as a result agree it's possible to at least cut the stones pretty accurately. Limestone lends itself to being separated in even layers, and even the sides looked clean, but it's hard to imagine them just taking the stones freshly cut pulling them to the Pyramid and just laying them down on the chance that the sides were cut with an incredible 90 degree accuracy and that the tops and bottoms were exactly parallel to each other, and how and what exactly did they use to check that it was accurate? They might have used a string with a weight at the end, but that doesn't prove the sides are exactly 90 degrees (right angle) to both the top and the bottom.

Putting all this together and into practice seems like an almost impossibly mind boggling job to me, but even so, I think it's more probable that happened than that ancient astronauts helped or built the Great Pyramid themselves. One thing I do agree with Dave on is that it is certainly easier to explain how it was done using advanced technology from an advanced civilization (even more advanced than we are), than that our ancestors did it with the tools they had, especially how incredibly accurate many of the blocks fit together. This is one of the things they didn't explain in the Nova documentary, although at the end they did say that some things just can't be explained, yet.

Like I've said many times before, there is nothing wrong with putting forth improbable theories and then trying to prove them, but ignoring the ancient astronaut theory entirely is not good science, a science that is open to all ideas and willing to look outside the box is the kind of science I like. Who knows, maybe that thing outside the box will steer us to even greater discoveries that go beyond all of our wildest dreams.

Also as a footnote to the above discussion, we did find out (subject to verification) that tools for measuring right angles were available during the building of The Great Pyramid.

There are many other pyramids all over the world besides the Pyramids of Egypt that, in varying degrees, also have some of the same problems building them as those associated with building the Pyramids in Egypt, but they do all together beg the question, why do they all use the same basic pyramid design? Can this be explained away by coincidence or maybe the real answer is because they were all built by the same people, or maybe these people (Ancient Astronauts) just gave all these pyramid builders the same plans, and also the know how on how to build them?

Or maybe, the inspiration really came from something as simple as how mountains and hills are designed. Big on the bottom getting smaller as you got to the top. I personally like that explanation, but that don't necessarily make it the right one, just a probable one out of many.

If you look at Fig. 001a above, you'll see that not too far from the Nazca Lines in Peru is the mysterious city of Tiahuanaco. Some people also call it Puma Punku (or PumaPunku), although it's really a specific place in Tiahuanco (or near it) and not the city itself.

From what we've read, there are many unexplained things located here, but to us, one of the most amazing things is kind of related to one of our problems with the Great Pyramid in Egypt is how the precisely cut blocks of stone that you can see strewn all about the place were cut. Some of the blocks at PumaPunku are not only cut at extremely precise right angles that look real smooth, but have also have been drilled into, sections cut out, and intricately precise right angled borders carved out somehow to create a relief of what can only be described as a raised H. That's why they're called H-blocks. In short, they look very different from the blocks of stone used in Egypt.

The best arguement we've heard that helps increase the probabilities that Ancient South American people might have had the know how to make these stones is here:

PumaPunku Debunked:

It makes a point by point arguement for the probabilty that our ancestors were smart enough to figure out a way to do this, plus I found out that squares (for checking right angles) were available at the time that the Pyramids in Egypt were estimated to have been built, so that question has been answered, subject to verification of course.

But, none of that makes the Ancient Astronaut theory impossible, just a whole lot less probable, but I'd still have to see someone make those blocks, as precisely as they look and to scale, with my own eyes to see how easy it is.

Probably one of the most famous oddities in the world are the giant stone statues that seem to be gaurding Easter Island.

We'll talk a little more about this phenomenon a little later, but right now we are currently editing   THIS


  02.02      HISTORY: Pre Modern Age

Its hard to decide when we should begin the Pre Modern Age of UFOs as separate from the "Ancient Astronaut" Age, but we have decided what divides it from the Modern Age and that is the Kenneth Arnold sighting in 1947.

The best we decided to do, until we figured a better way, was to include everything before the Arnold sighting, except for anything that clearly had to do with the "Ancient Astronaut" theory. There are many interesting sightings before 1947 that, at least on the surface, don't seem to be about "Ancient Astronauts". Many of these UFOs were called "Sky Ships" or "Cloud Ships".

Alexander the Great was reported to have seen a fiery disk during the siege of Tyre in 329 B.C., it was reported to have brought down a stone wall with beams of lightning, or something like that.

In 1561...


"Eyewitness and artist, Hans Glaser, carved an extraordinary woodcut that shows an epic battle of sky machines, which supposedly took place over Nuremberg, Germany on April 4th, 1561. According to reports, just after dawn broke that April morning, hundreds of German citizens beheld a spectacle the likes of which the Earth has rarely (if ever) seen when what was described as a 'war in the heavens' took place in the skies above their fair city. The woodcut included images of cylindrical mother ships emitting spherical a ttack 'pods,' a gargantuan, spear-like vessel and even seemed to indicate a pair of decidedly pre-Roswell UFO crashes... "

Probably the weirdest eyewitness sighting ever was the flying ship that got its anchor lodged in a Church, but the anchor part is only half of what was weird about this account. The following is from an obscure Irish manuscript, "Speculum Regali ("The King’s Mirror"), which has in it's records an incident that "allegedly" occurred in the year 956 A.D.: SOURCE: Flying Saucers - Serious Business

[p. 5] "'There happened in the borough of Cloera, one Sunday while people were at Mass, a marvel. In this town there is a church to the memory of St. Kinarus. It befell that a metal anchor was dropped from the sky, with a rope attached to it, and one of the sharp flukes caught in the wooden arch above the church door. The people rushed out of the church and saw in the sky a ship with men on board, floating at the end of the anchor cable, and they saw a man leap overboard and pull himself down the cable to the anchor as if to unhook it. He appeared as if he were swimming in water. The folk rushed up and tried to seize him; but the bishop forbade the people to hold the man for fear it might kill him. The man was freed and hurried up the cable to the ship, where the crew cut the rope and the ship rose and sailed away out of sight. But the anchor is in the church as a testimony to this singular occurrence.'"

The anchor is suppose to still be there, but we haven't found anything to confirm that, but we'll keep our eyes open as we do more research.

There are other references to this event including the writings of an aristocrat known as Gervase of Tilbury between 1210 and 1214, but this specific account (although similar to the Cloera Incident) happened at a different time and place:


"The tale of the anchor and the sky ship from whence it came was published in the 'Otio Imperialia' or 'Recreation for an Emperor,' which he [Gervase] wrote for his patron, Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV, between the years 1210 and 1214. The event, which purportedly occurred in Tilbury, England in 1200 or 1207, was similar to the Cloera event in that it involved a church, but this time the conclusion of the encounter would be much more tragic than the one that took place in Ireland."
It explains further that the "Sailor" (as Gervase had described him) who climbed over board to unhook the anchor were grabbed by the onlookers and apparently died as though he had drowned. The ship was said to have waited around for an hour and than purportedly assumed that he had drowned and took off. In this version, the anchor was handled differently...


"And so in memory of this event it was fittingly decided that that anchor should be used to make ironwork for the church door, and it is still there for all to see."

By the way, the above source (and link below) has many "Sky Ship and Storm Wizard" incidents that are very interesting to read. We recommend it very highly:

And not only that, but those similar "Anchor" and "Sky Ship" incidents are recorded throughout history including some relatively recent ones. Compared to the 1200s anyway, they're recent.

A couple of the more interesting ones (including a couple from 1897) which also came from the above source. The first happened in Gravesend, which is located in the northwestern part of Kent, England in 1211. It is very similar to the Cloera and Tilbury incidents mentioned above, even down to happening outside another Church while services were going on.

Our second "Sky Ship" and "anchor" event happened on Saturday April 5, 1897, about 15 miles outside Sioux City, Iowa where a farmer (Hibbard) was dragged 30 feet by an anchor from a "Sky Ship". It's also suppose to be the first "anchor" report found in the United States. Both of the above reports can be found at the same source mentioned above.

And of course, there's the "Alexander Hamilton Incident" which occurred during the same month and year as the Sioux City Incident, but we'll talk about that incident in a little bit.

Which leads us to our next discussion...

The UFO phenomenon took an interesting detour towards the end of the Ninteenth Century (1850-1930). That is when "Airship" sightings, for some reason, became prevalent. Most of them predate the recorded history of "Airships" like the Zeppelin (Zeppelin LZ 1), which would not see the light of day until the year 1900.

We'll bore you with the details, but here is a quick history of airship development, specifically the rigid ones:

     1852:              > First steam-powered Airship flown 27 km, by Giffard
     1883:              > First electric-powered Airship, by Tissandier
     1897: APR-21 [WED] > Alexander Hamilton "Airship" Incident - Leroy, KS  USA
     1900: JUL-02 [MON] > First rigid Airship, Zeppelin LZ 1, launched - Germany
     1923: AUG-20 [MON] > First American-built rigid Airship completed - Lakehurst, NJ  USA
     1923: SEP          > First American-built rigid Airship flown - Lakehurst, NJ  USA

Now, if you noticed in the timeline above, we included (1897) the infamous Alexander Hamilton "Airship" incident. This incident, in our opinion, is probably one of the most credible "Airship" reports we've ever read. The date listed above (APR-21 [WED]) is not the date of the sighting, but the date Hamilton swore to the accuracy of his report which was signed by ten seemingly credible witnesses.

According to our original source, pages 6-7 from "Flying Saucers - Serious Business" by Frank Edwards, Alexander Hamilton himself was a member of the House of Representatives, but now we learn that we may have been duped on this one. You judge, here is the explanation as to why this is a hoax:

The source above (and several others also) mentions Hamilton belonging to a liars club, some mention a competition, while our original source (and no other source we've found so far even mentions this part) that he was a member of the House of Representatives. Now putting all the politician jokes to one side for the minute, let's be serious, would you vote for someone who belonged to a liars club? This doesn't make any sense to us and we're now trying to verify whether Hamilton was or wasn't a member of the House of Representatives in either his home state of Kansas or in Washington? We'll get back to this question later.

Anyway regardless of whether the Hamilton story was fake or not, it's not like it was an isolated incident. As a matter of fact, from 1896 to 1897 is considered today the golden years of "Airship" sightings, but they continued until the 1920s, with a smattering of reports in the Twenties. More than 25 years (1896-1920s) is a long time to carry on a hoax of this magnitude. So far we' ve found well almost a dozen sightings, just from our original source alone (and we're only up to page 10), that we are going to investigate further, and from what we've seen so far, those are just the tip of the iceberg. There are whole books on the subject of unidentified "Airship" sightings alone. Probably the most well known one is the one written by Daniel Cohen, "The Great Airship Mystery: A UFO of the 1890s, published in 1981. We are in the process of getting this one, but there are many others. Some of the more notable ones are based on the "Airship" scare in Britain during 1909. Here's a webpage we found that tells a little more about it:

What makes the American "Airship" sightings odder than the European sightings, since rigid "Airships" were already on record as being flown in Germany since 1900, although not being rigid enough to fly very far, the 1909 sightings are not believed to be from Germany, although there was a huge controversy at the time as many people were convinced they were a prelude to an invasion by Germany. Considering that World War I was just around the corner, and the political climate at the time, it's understandble.

Getting sidetracked here, sorry, if you look at our timeline above, you'll see that the first rigid airships in recorded history didn't exist in North America until 1923.

So, what the hell was going on with those "Airship" waves of the late 1800s and the early 1900s? It's mostly speculation, because outside of the eyewitness reports, there's very little evidence that any of them ever happened, but there are still many theories out there. Hollow Earth, Extraterrestrials, Reptoids, or my favorite, Secret Military Research into possibly developing remote control balloons that could fly and drop bombs anywhere. Even Sasquatch has his own theory. He or she probably tells it too their kids while they huddle together during cold nights. Is this true? Who cares, this is about UFOs remember. Ha ha. just kidding. But seriously, the military theory is my favorite, mostly because it's interesting, but also because it would probably pass the "Occam's Razor" test better than the rest.

The only obvious problem with this, is why are they still keeping it secret? There are only two answers to that question, well three really if you just think the government likes keeping secrets and that's enough of an explaination to you. The other two are that the government is still doing experiments with bomb dropping balloons, or the third, none of the above; meaning North American inventors were building and flying their own rigid airships in total and absolute secrecy for years (at least a couple decades), and still to this day not a word has been leaked or gotten out from anyone involved? There are theories and some evidence is out there if you read almost any book about the "Airship" mystery, but mostly we still have to ask, why? Why would anyone keep this secret for so long?

Think about this for a minute, where are you going to build this thing, this airship? If you have neighbors, you certainly can't build it in your back yard, or have all this material delivered to your apartment so you can build it on the roof. Not if you want to maintain all this secrecy that's going to go on for over a hundred years. You have to find a mountain top or some small clearing deep in the woods or in the middle of some desert somewhere, like where Area 51 is now "supposedly" located. Keep in mind also that you still have to get all your stuff out to where you are going to assemble and put together and launch this airship.

One thing that does kind of possibly, maybe, help support this building it in the middle of the desert theory is that the airship waves of the late 1890s started out West, and where are most of the North American deserts located? Think about that one for a minute.

The Hollow Earth theory is my second favorite just because it's a fun thing to think and talk about. Dave introduced me to it back when I first met him. It's a pretty hard subject to take to right from the get go. It's where some people believe Atlantis is or that a race of reptilians reside. Plotting together to take over the topside, with the help of some select spies amongst us. There are even some people who believe our current President, Barack Obama, is a reptilian. The two Bushes, Clinton, and especially Reagan, were all reptilians, at least that's what some people believe. Dave believes in some weird shit, but this is not one of them.

Despite all that we currently know about our Earth, and it's surprising just how much of it hasn't been explored yet or been visited very often. The deepest parts of the ocean, under the Antarica or the North Pole, or some parts of South America or Africa and Asia. Even North America has some pretty isolated spots. Not to mention Alaska, all of Northern Canada, the Amazon area in South America, and also one of our favorites which is right here in the Pacific Northwest, Olympic National Park, which has about a million acres, half of which is inaccessible except by foot or air.

We haven't even dug that far down into the Earth's crust either. The deepest we've gone, as of this writing, was no more than 12.3 km (7.6 mi) in Russia. Scientist think they know what's inside the Earth and reject the idea outright that there are civilizations and cities under there. I don't know what to believe really, but there's about as much evidence to support civilizations living inside the Earth as there is to prove UFOs come from another planet, most of it is anecdotal at best, and the only difference are the UFO photos and videos, there's nothing like that for the Hollow Theorist to point to except some photos of a possible hole at the top of the world.

For just a minute, despite all the scientific evidence against it, pretend its possible that a whole separate civilization that has florished inside the Earth for as long, if not longer, than our civilization has on the surface. For just one minute pretend that's true.

It would certainly make more sense then for UFOs to come from a planet lightyears away, at least more probable anyway. Then, they would just need to be a couple hundred years ahead of us in technological know how, or maybe just a little ahead which is suggested by the short time span between the start of the "Airship" waves and the actual recorded history of "Airship" development. Dave theorizes that the ship's are launched from deep down in the ocean and they pop out like a cork, fly up into the air, where the crew kick starts the engine and off they go. It's a funny little theory, but that's Dave, and the first thing I asked was, how do they get the ship home back into the Earth? He thought about this for a couple days, and his answer was that they do what we did when we went to the moon, they just leave it here, maybe they burn them, sink them, or leave them to deteriorate in the woods... or desert.

Even though the Hollow Earth theory for the origins of UFOs is more probable than being from a planet lightyears away, there is still the scientific reality to consider, and that is that all the seismic evidence so far points away from the probability that the earth is hollow, but that don't mean that underneath parts of the Earth's crust, particularily under the oceans, there may be pockets of habitable space and breathable air.

In short, the Hollow Earth Theory is still just an unproven theory, but maybe someday...

Anyway, this brings us to recent events which are relevant to the "Airship" sightings around the turn of the 20th Century. In 1925, a helium reserve was set up by the US government. It was originally setup, because at that time rigid "Airships" (called "dirigibles") were becoming prominent in Europe, especially the Zepplins in Germany, and the government was concerned enough about them that they didn't want to be left defenseless. At the time, they were definitely a threat as they could be used to drop bombs.

This reserve was started shortly after the first recorded dirigible was completed (on Monday, August 20, 1923) anywhere in North and South America. It is still part of the government's budget, but with rising deficits, some in Congress are trying to end the program. There's no real military reason to continue funding this program as dirigibles aren't a real threat anymore.

We also learned, that even though helium is the second most common element in the Universe (next to hydrogen), because of our current technological limitations, it is practically impossible to extract it from anything in any kind of usable form. That wouldn't be such a big deal if all we needed it for was to fill ballons for birthday parties and such, but it is also used in scientific experiments. Some people even believe it was instrumental in many important scientific discoveries.


"Party planners, take note: the atmosphere may become a little deflated at gala events in the future. Some scientists are sounding the alarm about the wastefulness of using helium—a rare, non-renewable gas—to fill party balloons. Why? As an essential resource in technologies such as medical imaging, rocket engines, and surveillance devices, it turns out that helium does a lot more than give our balloons a lift. And despite being the second most abundant element in the universe, most of our supply in the Earth's atmosphere simply floats off into space and is lost.


"'Although scientific use accounts for only 3 percent of all the helium, for scientists who want to cool their experiments to cryogenic temperature, there is no alternative to liquid helium,' concludes Chan. 'For MRI machines that need a stable high magnetic field, there is also no alternative. It is estimated that if cost was not an issue, the amount of helium gas trapped in current and future gas wells worldwide could last between 200 or 300 years.' That would buy us some time to figure out how to ensure helium sticks around. However, brace yourself for costs to soar 'very high,' he predicts. How high? 'It depends on how quickly all major helium users adopt ways to conserve and to recycle. When the current helium-rich gas wells are used up, the price could easily soar tenfold... '"

If only to ensure that science and the medical community has enough of a supply to continue what it does best (saving lives and moving our scientific knowledge forward), we feel the helium reserve project should be continued, but that's just our opinion.

Now back to our UFO discussion, currently in progress.

1926 TO 1947
1926 to 1947 was a relatively quiet time for UFO sightings. Probably the biggest news were the Adamski sightings, but those didn't happen until the 1940s and 50s.

George Adamski (1891-1965), a Polish-born American citizen, first came to prominence in the 1950's, but his first sighting (with friends) was on Wednesday, October 9, 1946. In the 50s he was considered a contactee, which is someone who has allegedly had or still has contact with Extra-Terrestrial (ET) beings from the planet Venus. At the time, Adamski's Venusians were considered an impossibility:


"The most common arguments contrary to Adamski's claims forwarded by skeptics in the 1950s is that living on the planet Venus was technologically impossible considering Earth's technological advancement (in the 1950s), owing to its environmental conditions. These conditions include an atmospheric pressure at the planet's surface which is 92 times that of Earth, clouds composed of a substance thought to be sulfuric acid, and an average surface temperature of 461.85 °C. It follows that, no human from Earth could live on the surface of the planet without a highly developed technology (such as the modern Antarctic bases, underwater submarine docks and the planned Moon bases and space stations developed by NASA in the 21st century), and as a result most considered Mr. Adamski's claims to be a technological impossibility for the 1950s. It should be noted however, that the alleged Venusian visitors stated they lived in underground cities, thus not being exposed to hostile conditions on the surface... "

The discussion above goes on to relate other criticisms of Adamski's reports including identification of some of his photos as ordinary objects (like street lamps), and that his book "Inside The Space Ships" suspiciously reads like an earlier sci-fi book ghost written by Lucy McGinnis, titled "Pioneers of Space". Some people seem to consider him to be the ghost writer, which he had always strongly denied.

George Adamski is probably the most famous of all contactees. Alien Contactees are different from Abductees (those who had unwilling contact with Aliens through an abduction) is that contactees mostly expressed their experiences as positive. It is very rare when an abductee relates his or her experience as anything better than a negative experience, but more on Alien Abductions later.

Although Adamski is the best known, there were others before him. Most notably Emanuel Swedenborg ("Concerning the Earths in Our Solar System", 1758), Thomas Blott ("The Man From Mars", 1891), and finally, Theodore Flournoy ("From India To The Planet Mars, 1900).

You can also consider those in contact with the God's (Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, for example) as detailed in much of the religious literature that has been passed down through the ages such as "The Holy Bible", for example), can be considered contactees also, if you so desire. We can't see any reason why they shouldn't be included also. Since God isn't from Earth, he or she is technically an extraterrestrial.

But, Adamski is the first contactee from the pre-modern age of UFOs to actually include (and photograph) some UFO sightings along with his contactee reports. His first report was shortly before Kenneth Arnold's sighting in 1947. For a time after the the Arnold sighting, contactees began to include them in their reports, but more recently, contact has been predominantly telepathic in nature.

Many Ufologist consider contactees the lunatic fringe of an already fringe science. It detracts from what many consider a serious science. Dave considers it just part of the UFO experience. He explains this further by comparing "Contactees" and "Abductees" to scientific research in the animal world, "If animal's could think and talk, what would they say about all the things done to them in the name of science. Would their experiences be the same as 'Contactees' or 'Abductees'?"

Scientist would say it's a necessary evil for the betterment of mankind. It's part of the scientific experience. Maybe contacting humans is an, as yet, unexplained part of the UFO experience.

The subject of "Contactees" is an interesting subject, but I really find nothing in it to prove or disprove that UFOs (from other planets) really exist. I think Carl Sagan said it best,


"'Occasionally, by the way, I get a letter from someone who is in 'contact' with an extraterrestrial who invites me to 'ask anything.' And so I have a list of questions. The extraterrestrials are very advanced, remember. So I ask things like, 'Please give a short proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem.' Or the Goldbach Conjecture. And then I have to explain what these are, because extraterrestrials will not call it Fermat’s Last Theorem, so I write out the little equation with the exponents. I never get an answer. On the other hand, if I ask something like 'Should we humans be good? I always get an answer. I think something can be deduced from this differential ability to answer questions. Anything vague they are extremely happy to respond to, but anything specific, where there is a chance to find out if they actually know anything, there is only silence... "

But, maybe like the "prime directive" from "Star Trek", the original TV show from the 60s, Aliens are (paraphrasing) not suppose to interfere, technologically, in other civilizations on other worlds. Hell for all we know, Gene Roddenberry might have been a "Contactee".

Of course, I'd like to see how Sagan wrote out these equations? Maybe our written word is gibberish to them, unless someone thinks it, or maybe, the equations themselves are gibberish to them and if the people trying to telepathically relay the questions don't know what the symbols mean, what happens then? How can you answer a question that's asked in gibberish? Maybe they should have contacted Carl Sagan instead?

Some people actually believe that almost all the knowledge we've learned to date was given to us telepathically. I have read, although I can't remember any of the specific details off hand, that some scientific problems were solved while people were asleep. If they can contact us telepathically, that would make more sense than flying all those lighyears just to tell us to be good, but that's just my opinion. Why would they even care, but maybe it's like Dave said, "It's just part of the UFO experience."

Although Adamski's first reported sighting (1946) was before the Arnold sighting in 1947 (where we begin our discussion of the Modern Age of UFOs), most of his "Contactee" reports occur afterwards, which brings us nicely into the next section, the Modern Age of UFOs.

  02.03      HISTORY: Modern Age

The Modern Age of UFOs, we feel (and so do many others), started with the sighting by Kenneth Arnold near Mount Rainier in Washington State on Tuesday, June 24th in 1947. Not so much the sighting itself, but by the words used by Arnold himself to describe them, "The objects moved like saucers skipping across the water," and this was translated by the newspapers into "flying saucers", which after that became anomolous with the term UFOs which wasn't invented (by the United States Air Force) until 1952, to include all the various shapes, and not just saucer shaped, which were being reported at the time.

After the newspapers reported the Arnold sighting, reports of strange sights in the sky almost took off like a rocket. It has been estimated that in the 50s there were no less than a thousand sightings reported, some of which have yet to be given a satisfatory explanation.

Not only that but, not more than a week or two after the Arnold sighting, the Roswell crash was reported to have happened. You can go into the 1947 archives of any of the major newspapers at the time and see both articles and read them.

Interestingly enough, even though the news of the Roswell crash was sensational at the time, real interest in it didn't really pick up and take off (it was literally forgotten by almost everyone) until the 1970s.


"In 1978, nuclear physicist and author Stanton T. Friedman interviewed Jesse Marcel, the only person known to have accompanied the Roswell debris from where it was recovered to Fort Worth where reporters saw material which was claimed to be part of the recovered object. The accounts given by Friedman and others in the following years elevated Roswell from a forgotten incident to perhaps the most famous UFO case of all time... "

Today, Roswell is considered, by many, the UFO capital of the world, the center of everything UFO, despite some Ufologists' beliefs that aliens had nothing to do with it. But at the time it happened, the Roswell Incident was shelved and almost forgotten. Something even more menacing than a crashed UFO was about to happen that would change UFO research forever.

But first before we get into that, let's look at the history of the U.S. military's involvement in UFO history.


There were many other projects, around the world, that were started at about the same time, but many of them worked like ours did, and in the end they all basicly came up with the same conclusions. There was nothing to it all. UFOs were not a threat to National Security, or something like that.

Anyway, here's a quick and select history of the U.S. Militaries' related involvement in UFO history and other significantly related incidents.

          PROJECT SIGN (1947-1948)
The most famous of them all, of course, was "Project Blue Book", but that project is just part of the story. The very beginning was at the end of 1947 with "Project Sign".

          PROJECT GRUDGE (1948-1952)
By the end of 1948, "Project Sign" was succeeded by "Project Grudge".

          PROJECT BLUE BOOK (1952-1970)
By 1952, "Project Grudge" was succeeded by "Project Blue Book".


"Project Blue Book was one of a series of systematic studies of unidentified flying objects (UFO<.ABBR>s) conducted by the United States Air Force (U.S.A.F.). Started in 1952, it was the second revival of such a study (the first two of its kind being Projects Sign and Grudge). A termination order was given for the study in December 1969, and all activity under its auspices ceased in January 1970... "

          U.S. MILITARY TIMELINE (1947-1970)

     1947: JUN-24 [TUE] > Kenneth Arnold reports seeing 9 UFOs near Mount Rainier, WA  USA
     1947: JUL          > Alleged UFO Crash and Recovery near Roswell, NM  USA
     1947:              > Project "Sign" begins.
     1948:              > Project "Sign" ends succeeded by Project "Grudge".
     1948:              > Project "Grudge" begins.
     1952:              > Project "Grudge" ends succeeded by Project "Blue Book".
     1952:              > Project "Blue Book" Begins.
     1952: JUL-19 [SAT] > Washington D.C. Incident begins - DC  USA
     1954:              > Project "Aquarius" allegedly started but not named until 1960
     1960:              > Project "Aquarius" allegedly started in 1954, finally named
     1962:              > Project "Redlight" was allegedly stopped when a craft exploded
     1962:              > Project "Redlight" was resumed under a different name "Snowbird"
     1965: DEC-09 [THU] > Alleged UFO crash and recovery - Kecksburg, PA  USA
     1969: DEC          > Termination Order for Project "Blue Book" given.
     1970: JAN          > Project "Blue Book" officially ends.


Some of these "other" projects, including other interesting information, can be found at

Here are some selected entries from there:


"As was mentioned on the home page, the Exopaedia intends to provide information on all matters extraterrestrial. It will cover new sciences like exopolitics, exobiology, exosociology, et. al. At present, though, exopolitical topics are given higher priority... "
"Snowbird is the project that has to do with test flights with alien crafts. (Stealth, Aurora). As such it is a subproject of Project Aquarius/Moondust. "According to M.W. Cooper, Snowbird is not the actual project to testfly alien crafts, but was established, instead, as a cover for project REDLIGHT. Several flying saucer type craft were built using conventional technology. They were unveiled to the press and flown in front of the press. The purpose was to explain accidental sightings or disclosure of REDLIGHT as having been the SNOWBIRD craft. (MW C)"
"Aquarius is also said to be the name of an American government project, related to UFOs. Even though the program was started in 1954 by Pres. Eisenhower, it only got the name 'Aquarius' in 1960. (Robert Collins claims that it was called Gleem initially). The purpose was to gather all scientific, technological, medical & other information on UFO's and 'IAC's' (Identified Alien Craft), in order to try and make use of the technology, used in these crafts. "As such it is related to some other projects: Moondust, Snowbird and Bluefly. "Several sources confirm that Aquarius is the name of the framework program that deals with the overall research and contact programs with regard to ET's. "One source (MW Cooper) says Aquarius is a project which compiled the history of alien presence and their interaction with Homo Sapiens upon this planet for the last 25,000 years and culminating with the Basque people who live in the mountainous country on the border of France and Spain and the Syrians (most sources refer to this as the 'Red Book'). "It can be noted that these theories do no contradict each other from this perspective that the history of alien interaction, indeed would be part of the overall program."
"Moondust, also spelled Moon Dust, is the name of the framework program that includes all research projects and action plans with regard to foreign, including alien, space technology. The word 'Moondust' had to be mentioned in each and every one of these projects."
"REDLIGHT is the project to test fly recovered alien craft. It is conducted at AREA 51 (DREAMLAND) in Groom Lake, Nevada. It was aided when the aliens gave us craft and helped us fly them. The initial project was somewhat successful in that we flew a recovered craft but it blew up in the air and the pilots were killed. The project was suspended at that time until the aliens agreed to help us. (MW C) "Redlight was stopped in 1962 when a craft exploded. Afterwards it was resumed with a different name ('Snowbird')"
"Bluefly, also spelled Blue Fly, is the name of a subproject of the Moondust-program (which is the name of a framework of programs that are UFO related). It is an action plan to immediately move newly found highly-technological materials (from UFO-crashes, etc.) that are important to the secret services, to the FTD (Foreign Technology Division). "MW Cooper describes a similar project, yet, calls it the Pounce Project."
"Project Pounce is another UFO related project. Some sources consider Project Pounce to be an earlier version of Project Blue Book, though most researchers believe that Blue Book was only preceded by Sign and Grudge. They are supported in this by the official documentation that is currently available (through FOIA etc.). Then again, as Blue Book was nothing more than an overt PR exercise, it is probable that a real, yet covert, project would also have existed to investigate the UFO phenomenon. "According to M.W. Cooper, Project Pounce was more than that. He claims it also is the project formed to recover all downed or crashed craft and aliens. (Other sources describe a similar project, yet, call it project Bluefly.)"
THE FOLLOWING LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE IS FROM: "Ultimate UFO: The Complete Evidence" (1999) 2000 Film Productions Present The Footage Archives A Film by Michael Hesemann and Natalia Zahradnikova THE FORTIES: YEAR-MO-DY 1947-06-24 ARNOLD, Kenneth - Mount Rainier, near - WA  USA 1948-03-25 FRIEDMAN, Stanton THE FIFTIES: YEAR-MO-DY 1950-08-15 MARIANA, Nick - Great Falls - MT  USA 1951 - KY  USA 1952-07-02 NEWHOUSE, Delbert - Treemontan - UT  USA 1952-07-11 - DC  USA 1953-03-03 Guncamera Film - Luke AFB - AZ  USA 1954 - Sierra Nevada - CA  USA 1954 During eclipse - Norway 1957-12-01 - Monticello - CA  USA 1958-01-10 - River Forest - IL  USA 1958-09 MENGER, Howard - Blue Mountains - PA  USA 1959-07-28 STANFORD, Ray - Corpus Christie - TX  USA THE SIXTIES: YEAR-MO-DY 1960-06-07 - Champaign - IL  USA 1963 FRY, Dr. Daniel - Yucca Valley - CA  USA 1963-07-23 WALTERS, James - Monument Valley - UT  USA 1964 FRY, Dr. Daniel - Merlin - OR  USA 1964-04-20 USAF Film - Holloman AFB - NM  USA 1964-11 ADAMSKI, George - Silver Springs - MD  USA 1965-02-26 RODEFFER, Madeleine - Silver Springs - MD  USA 1966-04-02 OLDFIELD, Thomas - Staffordshire - UK 1966-04-15 HANSON, C. US Navy - Catalina Island - CA  USA 1966-06-03 McDIVITT, James - Gemini IV - Earth Orbit 1966-06-04 McDIVITT, James - Gemini IV - Earth Orbit 1966-09-07 STACKLING, Fred - Mannheim - Germany 1967 - Near Moscow - USSR 1967-03-19 - Yonkers - NY  USA 1968-09 - RI  USA 1969-07-19 Apollo 11 NASA Archives - Lunar Orbit 1969-07-21 Apollo 11 NASA Archives - Lunar Orbit 1969-11-24 Apollo 12 NASA Archives THE SEVENTIES: YEAR-MO-DY 1971-10-29 TV Cameracrew - Oxfordshire - UK 1972-01-11 DALE, Peter - Sevenoaks, Bucks - UK 1974 Franch TV - Paris, near - France 1974 Security Camera Film - San Juan - Puerto Rico 1975-06-12 MEIER, Eduard "Billy" - Berg-Rumlikon - ZH/  Switzerland 1976 JUAREZ, Manuel - Guatemala City - Guatemala While filming a car commercial 1976-01 British Airways - Wiltshire - UK 1976-03-20 MEIER, Eduard "Billy" - Hasenbol - ZH/  Switzerland 1978-12-31 FOGARTY, Quentin - Bass Street - New Zealand Channel 0-TV, Melbourne 1979-01-03 TV One, NZ - Kaikoura Coast - New Zealand 1979-02-08 - Kobe City - Hyogo/  Japan 1979-08-02 D., Martin - Hagen - Germany THE EIGHTIES: YEAR-MO-DY UNKNOWN - USSR 1980-02-19 D., Martin - Hagen - Germany 1980-03-06 D., Martin - Hagen - Germany 1980-06-04 D., Martin - Hagen - Germany 1981-04-04 MEIER, "Billy" Eduard - Auenberg/ Egg - ZH/  Switzerland MEIER, "Billy" Eduard A. 1984-07-24 POZZUOLI, Bob - Brewster - NY  USA 1984-11 Space Shuttle Mission 51 - Earth Orbit 1987-12-28 WALTERS, ED - Gulf Breeaze - FL  USA Courtesy OECHSLER, B. 1988-04 MALKA, Rafi - Haifa - Israel 1988-05 FULLER, Ralph - Gulf Breeze - FL  USA 1988-05-21 ROCHA, Flavio da - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil 1988-05-23 Brasilian TV - Sao Paulo - Brazil 1988-09-16 - Japan 1989-02-18 - Tokio, near - Japan 1989-03-25 Telephone Company - Las Vegas, near - NV  USA Security Camera 1989-06 - Tokyo, near - Japan 1989-08-12 MOSQUEDO, Adrian - Tepoztlan - Mexico 1989-09 WARDLE, Ray - Las Vegas - NV  USA 1989-10 ORMOSCHADSE, Beso - Tblissi Georgia - USSR Georgian TV during an Open-Air Concert of singer DSCHAWA, Maja

  02.99      HISTORY: Timeline

We decided to make three separate timelines instead of our usual one, because many (if not most) of the timeline events surrounding the Ancient Astronaut Theory and the Pre Modern Age are unique to their time, while many of those after the Kenneth Arnold sighting in 1947 are more inclined to be saucer shaped.

Many, if not all of them have, will eventually be researched and included in our This Day In History (TDIH) Calendar of Events.

    02.99A:     Ancient Astronaut Timeline                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

11000         B.C. > Humans are alleged to have crossed the Bering Strait 
                          into North America around this time
8000          B.C. > Ancient Astronaut Theorists' estimate that the 
                          Pyramids of Giza were constructed around this time
2560          B.C. > Most accepted year construction of The Great 
                          Pyramid of Giza (or Pyramid of Khufu) was completed
2500          B.C. > Most accepted year the desertification of the 
                          Sahara began
1445-1405     B.C. > Genesis and Exodus most probably written during
                          this time
590-570       B.C. > Ezekiel most probably written during this time
561-538       B.C. > 2 Kings most probably written during this time

    02.99B:     Pre Modern Age Timeline                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

1600-1699:         > Gunpowder first used to drive water pumps, 
                          designed by Christiaan Huygens
1678: AUG-22 [THU] > First recorded Crop Circle - Hartfordshire, UK
1823:              > First internal combustion engine to be applied industrially,
                          patented by Samuel Brown
1852:              > First steam-powered Airship flown 27 km, by Giffard
1854-1857:         > First possible 4-cycle engine invented by Eugenio Barsanti 
                          and Felice Matteucci, but the patent was lost.
1860:              > First internal combustion engine to be produced in numbers 
                          by Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir
1861:              > The earliest confirmed patent of the 4-cycle engine, 
                          by Alphonse Beau de Rochas
1862:              > First to build and sell the 4-cycle engine was Nikolaus Otto
1876: MAR-10 [FRI] > First successful bi-directional transmission of clear speech, 
                          by Bell and Watson
1877: JAN-30 [TUE] > Alexander Graham Bell Patents his Telegraphy (Telephone) system
1883:              > First electric-powered Airship, by Tissandier
1886: JAN-29 [FRI] > First patented automobile, made by Karl Benz
1892-1893:         > First experimentally demonstrated transmission and radiation 
                          of radio frequency energy by Nikola Tesla
1895:              > First wireless system capable of transmitting signals 
                          at long distances built by Guglielmo Marconi
1897: APR-21 [WED] > Alexander Hamilton "Airship" Incident - Leroy, KS  USA
1900: JUL-02 [MON] > First rigid Airship, Zeppelin LZ 1, launched - Germany
1903: DEC-14 [MON] > Wright Brothers attempt first flight - unsuccessful
1903: DEC-17 [THU] > Wright Brothers' second attempt - successful
1905: SEP-26 [TUE] > "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" (Special relativity) 
                          published by Albert Einstein today
1905: NOV-21 [TUE] > E=MC2, Albert Einstein's most famous equation was published today:
                          "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?" 
                          (Matter–energy equivalence)
1906:              > Patent for a cathode ray tube filed by Robert von Lieben 
1908: OCT-01 [THU] > Model T introduced
1913:              > Henry Ford introduces moving assembly belts into his plants
1915:              > First true vacuum triodes in production were the Pliotrons 
                          developed by Irving Langmuir
1915: AUG-21 [SAT] > Alleged mass UFO Abduction - Gallipoli, Turkey
1923: AUG-20 [MON] > First American-built rigid Airship completed - Lakehurst, NJ  USA
1923: SEP          > First American-built rigid Airship flown - Lakehurst, NJ  USA
1925:              > Patent for a field-effect transistor (FET) filed 
                          by Julius Edgar Lilienfeld
1926:              > First liquid-fueled rocket launched by Robert Goddard
1929:              > Frank Whittle's publishes thesis on jet engines
1937:              > First successful run of Sir Frank Whittle's gas turbine 
                          for jet propulsion
1938:              > Technique first developed to use an all-glass construction 
                          for vacuum tubes
1942: JUL-18 [SAT] > First jet engine flight by The Messerschmitt Me 262
1946: FEB-14 [THU] > ENIAC's completion announced to the public
1946: OCT-09 [WED] > Adamski's "mother ship" - Palomar Gardens, CA  USA

    02.99C:     Modern Age Timeline                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

1947: JUN-24 [TUE] > Kenneth Arnold reports seeing 9 UFOs near Mount Rainier, WA  USA
1947: JUL          > Alleged UFO Crash and Recovery near Roswell, NM  USA
1947: NOV-DEC      > First bipolar point-contact transistor invented 
                          by Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley
1947:              > Project "Sign" begins.
1948:              > Project "Sign" ends succeeded by Project "Grudge".
1948:              > Project "Grudge" begins.
1948: JAN-07 [WED] > Captain Mantell dies in a crash while pursuing a UFO, KY  USA
1948: MAR-25 [THU] > Alleged UFO Crash and Recovery near Aztec, NM  USA
1950: MAY-29 [MON] > Nick Mariana UFO Footage shot - Great Falls, MT  USA
1950: AUG-15 [MON] > Adamski's photo of 6 UFOs - Moon
1951:              > UFO filmed over Kentucky - KY  USA
1951: AUG-25 [SAT] > Lubbock Lights Incident - Lubbock, TX  USA
1951: SEP-10 [MON] > The Fort Monmouth Incident - Fort Monmouth, NJ  USA
1952:              > Project "Grudge" ends succeeded by Project "Blue Book".
1952:              > Project "Blue Book" Begins.
1952: JUL-02 [WED] > The Delbert Newhouse UFO Film Shot - Treemontan, UT  USA
1952: JUL-19 [SAT] > Washington D.C. Incident begins - DC  USA
1952: OCT-17 [FRI] > WSFTS > Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France
1952: NOV-20 [THU] > Adamski's meets a Venusian - Desert Center, CA  USA
1952: DEC-13 [SAT] > Adamski's most famous photo - Palomar Gardens, CA  USA
1953: MAR-03 [TUE] > Guncamera Film - Luke AFB, AZ  USA
1954:              > Project "Aquarius" allegedly started but not named until 1960
1954:              > UFO filmed over Sierra Nevada, CA  USA
1954:              > Felix Wankel's first working prototype of the Wankel engine
1954: JUN-30 [WED] > UFO filmed during eclipse - Norway
1954: SEP-18 [SAT] > UFO Temperature Effect - Casablanca, Morocco
1957: DEC-01 [SUN] > UFO filmed over Monticello, CA  USA
1958: JAN-10 [FRI] > UFO filmed over River Forest, IL  USA
1958: SEP          > UFO footage by Howard Menger - Blue Mountains, PA  USA
1959: JUL-28 [TUE] > Ray Stanford films UFO - Corpus Christie, TX  USA
1960:              > Project "Aquarius" allegedly started in 1954, finally named
1960: JUN-07 [TUE] > UFO filmed over Champaign, IL  USA
1960: AUG-01 [MON] > "Flying Saucers Over LA" - Los Angeles, CA  USA
1962:              > Project "Redlight" was allegedly stopped when a craft exploded
1962:              > Project "Redlight" was resumed under a different name "Snowbird"
1963:              > UFO filmed by Dr. Daniel Fry - Yucca Valley, CA  USA
1963: JUL-23 [TUE] > UFO filmed by James Walters - Monument Valley, UT  USA
1964:              > UFO filmed by Dr. Daniel Fry - Merlin, OR  USA
1964: APR-20 [MON] > USAF allegedly films UFO Landing - Holloman AFB, NM  USA
1965: FEB-26 [FRI] > UFO filmed by Madeleine Rodeffer - Silver Springs, MD  USA
1965: DEC-09 [THU] > Alleged UFO crash and recovery - Kecksburg, PA  USA
1966: APR-02 [SAT] > UFO filmed by Thomas Oldfield - Staffordshire, UK
1966: APR-15 [FRI] > UFO filmed by Leman Hanson - Catalina Island, CA  USA
1966: JUN-03 [FRI] > UFO filmed by Major James McDivitt - Gemini IV, Earth Orbit
1966: JUN-04 [SAT] > UFO filmed by Major James McDivitt - Gemini IV, Earth Orbit
1966: SEP-07 [WED] > UFO filmed by Fred Stackling - Mannheim, Germany
1967:              > UFO Filmed Near Moscow, USSR
1967: MAR-19 [SUN] > UFO filmed over Yonkers, NY  USA
1967: OCT-04 [WED] > The Shag Harbour Incident - Shag Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada
1968: SEP          > UFO filmed by Harold Trudelin near Woonsocket, RI  USA
1969: DEC          > Termination Order for Project "Blue Book" given.
1969:              > The origins of String Theory can be traced back to this year
1969: JAN-16 [THU] > Leary, GA  USA
1969: DEC          > Termination Order for Project "Blue Book" given.
1970: JAN          > Project "Blue Book" officially ends.
1977: SEP-02 [FRI] > "Fort Benning UFO Incident" - GA  USA
1980: DEC-29 [MON] > Houston, TX  USA
1988: DEC-28 [WED] > Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico
1997: MAR-13 [THU] > "The Phoenix Lights" - Phoenix, AZ  USA
1997: AUG-06 [WED] > Mexico City, Mexico
2009: MAR-24 [TUE] > Tony Dodd Passes Away - UK

1678: AUG-22 [THU]

Hartfordshire, UK


UFO Crop Circle of Hartfordshire, UK

" ...after a strange glow was reported over the field, the oats were found better mowed than the crop mower could have ever done."

Crop Circle

1915: AUG-21 [SAT]

Gallipoli, Turkey


Mass UFO Abduction of a British Norfolk regiment:

"As the report goes, a British regiment (the first fifth Norfolk) marched into a dense, low-hanging "cloud...

" ...[and] was never seen or heard from again."

Mass Abduction

1946: OCT-09 [WED]

Palomar Gardens, CA  USA


George Adamski's "mother ship" photo taken.

" ...On October 9, 1946, during a meteor shower, Adamski and some friends claimed that while they were at the Palomar Gardens' campground, they witnessed a large cigar-shaped "mother ship". In 1947, Adamski took a photograph of what he claimed was the 1946 cigar-shaped "mother ship" crossing in front of the moon over Palomar Gardens... "

1950: MAY-29 [MON]



Adamski's photo of 6 UFOs Adamski's photo of 6 UFOs

" ...On May 29, 1950 Adamski took a photograph of what he alleged to be six unidentified objects in the sky, which appeared to be flying in formation. Adamski's May 29, 1950 UFO photograph was depicted in an August 1978 commemorative stamp issued by the island nation of Grenada in order to mark the 'Year of UFOs... '"

1952: OCT-17 [FRI]

Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France


A cigar shaped UFO, accompanied by 30 smaller ones, was seen flying overhead. Falling from behind them was a substance like gossamer.

1952: NOV-20 [THU]

Desert Center, CA  USA


Adamski's meets Orthon a Venusian:

" ...On November 20, 1952 Adamski and several friends were in the Colorado Desert near the town of Desert Center, California when they are said to have seen a large submarine-shaped object hovering in the sky. Believing that the ship was looking for him, Adamski is said to have left his friends and to have headed away from the main road. Shortly afterwards, according to Adamski's accounts, a scout ship made of a type of translucent metal landed close to him, and its pilot, a Venusian called Orthon, disembarked and sought him out... "

1952: DEC-13 [SAT]

Palomar Gardens, CA  USA


Adamski's most famous photo Adamski's most famous photo

" ...Orthon is said to have returned the plate to Adamski on December 13, 1952, at which point it was found to contain new strange symbols. It was during this meeting that Adamski is said to have taken a now famous UFO photograph using his 6-inch (150 mm) telescope. Some claim that the picture just shows a mere streetlight... "

1954: SEP-18 [SAT]

Casablanca, Morocco


UFO Temperature Effect:

" ...he saw it fly by to the left of his automobile at a very high rate of speed. It was followed by a blast of cold air and a strong suction feeling... "

1960: AUG-01 [MON]

Los Angeles, CA  USA


U.S. developed UFO technology "Flying Saucers Over L.A.

"In August 1960, The Times was full of stories about flying saucers -- even the Army and Air Force were building them! An incident evidently occurred somewhere near Malibu that made the front page of the Aug. 1 paper, but only the runover was preserved in the microfilmed edition and there's nothing in the Mirror. The Times editorial page attributed the purported sighting to the 'midsummer norm of semi-abnormality... '"

1965: DEC-09 [THU]

Kecksburg, PA  USA


An Unidentified Flying Object crash lands outside Kecksburg on this night in 1965.

1969: JAN-16 [THU]

Leary, GA  USA


Jimmy Carter sees a UFO.


1977: SEP-02 [FRI]

Fort Benning, GA   USA


"Fort Benning, Georgia UFO Incident"

"In September 1977 something amazing happen at Fort Benning, Georgia? Did 1300 soldiers witness a UFO fleet over Fort Benning? Did the US Army go to battle with these UFOs? Were some of the soldiers abducted? Is this one of the biggest military cover-ups of all times? I have been in telephone contact with John Vasquez, author of 'Incident at Fort Benning' and John received an email from another witness to this incredible event. His name is: Kenneth Darnell... "

1980: DEC-29 [MON]

Houston, TX   USA


Betty Cash and Vickie Landrum were driving at night about 9 p.m. when they encountered a large luminous object that they both described differently.

1988: DEC-28 [WED]

Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico


While encountering an enormous, triangular UFO, two F-14 jet fighters reportedly "disappeared".

1997: MAR-13 [THU]

Pheonix, AZ  USA


Pheonix Lights "The Phoenix Lights"

" ...Evidence points to March 13, 1997 as the onset of this extremely compelling account of various and sundry phenomenal lights which moved over the state of Arizona. These lights, though referred to as the 'Phoenix Lights,' were actually witnessed in at least five other cities. Phoenix has the distinction as the first Arizona city to report the unknown light sources, which were initially spotted over Superstition Mountains, east of the city, at about 7:30 P.M. The first reports indicated an object of six points of light, immediately followed by a report of eight connected lights, with a separate ninth, which moved in unison with the eight... "

1997: AUG-06 [WED]

Mexico City, Mexico


August 6, 1997 UFO over Mexico "Mexico City 1997 UFO Video"

"Summary: In September 1997, [Mexican TV host and UFO researcher] Jaime Maussan received a very special package. Someone had sent him a video tape, in itself nothing remarkable. But when he played the tape on his video recorder, it took his breath away. For the anonymously sent recording showed nothing but points of light and sky -- except for a large, metallic, structured, rotating disk, which maneuvered in broad daylight over Mexico City, with a dateline of 6 August 1997... "

2009: MAR-24 [TUE]



Tony Dodd Tony Dodd Passes Away

"It is with great regret that we received the news today that Tony Dodd has left this world after a long Illness... "



     03.01 REVIEW

  03.01      ADVANCED DEGREE: Review


          04.01 APR-26-2013 [FRI]  17:11 PDT

  04.01      NOTES: APR-26-2013 [FRI]   17:11 PDT                 Table Of Contents

Since we're in the middle of working on our UFO webpage 
   anyway, we decided this would be the perfect time to watch the 
   following docu-vid on the alleged crash of a UFO in 
   Kecksburg, Pennsylvania on December 9, 1965.

We were surprised at how little known this crash is, especially 
   compared to the alleged Roswell UFO crash of 1947.

Anyway, here are our preliminary research notes:

SOURCE: "Secrets Of UFOs: Kecksburg UFO Crash"
Studio: Grizzly Adams Prod
DVD Release Date: March 21, 2006
Run Time: 50 minutes
ASIN: B000E991L6

Story starts with Kenneth Arnold in 1947

December 9, 1965 at Kecksburg, Pennsylvania, USA

Column of blue smoke
bottom of ravine

large acorn
a kind of bronze copper color

this area is now quarantineed
get out

Wright Patterson - Dayton, Ohio 


Eyewitnesses, the next day, didn't want their interviews aired.

"We received other calls tonight from other people who said they had 
   changed their minds now at the last minute and did not want the 
   statements they had made over this past weekend used on this radio 
   program tonight. One person said they were afraid of the state 
   police and another person said they did not want to get in trouble 
   with the army."

Project "Blue Book" was in operation

Falling meteorite

Northeastern US and parts of Canada
Meteor shower seen that same night

John Murphy
Aggressive jornalist

3:18 am
Soviet Venus Probe
The "Cosmos 96" Satellite

November 23, 1965
December 9, 1965

Jim Romansky

If you want to read more about UFOs, the timeline and 
   such, feel free to go to our webpage dedicated to the subject:

Or, if you want to read more about this specific incident:


Chariots of the Gods
         Copyright © 1968 by Econ-Verlag GMBH
         Copyright © 1969 English Translation by Michael Heron and Souvenir Press
         Copyright © 1999 by Erich von Däniken

Encyclopedia of Strange and Unexplained Physical Phenomena
         Copyright © 1993 by Gale Research Inc.

Flying Saucers And The Straight-Line Mystery
         Copyright © 1958 by Aimé Michel

Flying Saucers Are Real, The
         Copyright © 2004 Cosimo, Inc.

Flying Saucers - Serious Business
         Copyright © 1966 by Frank Edwards

Holy Bible, The
         Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.

Mothman Prophesies, The
         Copyright © 1975, 1991 by John A. Keel

Mysteries of the Unexplained, Reader's Digest
         Copyright © 1982 Reader's Digest Association

Mysterious America: The Revised Edition
         Copyright © 2001 by Loren Coleman

Mysterious Fires and Lights
         Copyright © 1967 by Vincent H. Gaddis

Passport To Magonia
         Copyright © 1969 Jacques Vallée

Secrets Of UFOs: Kecksburg UFO Crash

Silent Invasion: The Pennsylvania UFO-Bigfoot Casebook
         Copyright © 2010 Stan Gordon

UFO: The Definitive Guide...
         Copyright © 1994 by David Ritchie

         Copyright © 1999 Book Soup Publishing, Inc.



20 Most Incredible Lenticular Clouds:

1,500 Project BLUE BOOK UFO Unknowns:

1909, Airship Wave of:

Adamski Foundation:

Adamski, George - Wikipedia:

Airship, Mystery - Wikipedia:

Airship Wave of 1909:

Airships - Wikipedia:

Albert Einstein - Wikipedia:

Alpha Centauri - Wikipedia:

Ancient Ruins of Tiwanacu and PumaPunku:

Archive, Project Blue Book:

Are we running out of helium -

Arnold, Kenneth - Wikipedia:

Best UFO Pictures -

Blue Book, Project - Wikipedia:

Blue Book Archive, Project:

Casefiles -

Center for UFO Studies:

Chariot of the Gods - Wikipedia:

Charles Renard - Wikipedia:

Charroux, Robert - Wikipedia:

Clouds, 20 Most Incredible Lenticular:

Contactee - Wikipedia:

Crowded Skies:

Däniken, Erich von - Wikipedia:

Day of Week -

Einstein, Albert - Wikipedia:

ENIAC - Wikipedia:

Erich von Däniken - Wikipedia:

Flying Saucers - Wikipedia:

Ford, Henry - Wikipedia:

George Adamski - Wikipedia:

Giza, Great Pyramid of - Wikipedia:

Great Pyramid of Giza - Wikipedia:

Helium, are we running out -

Henry Ford - Wikipedia:

History of Radio - Wikipedia:

History of the Internal Combustion Engine - Wikipedia:

History of the Transistor - Wikipedia:

Hollow Earth - Wikipedia:

How Old Are The Pyramids at Giza - PBS:

Internal Combustion Engine, History of - Wikipedia:

Invention of the Telephone - Wikipedia:

Kecksburg UFO Incident - Wikipedia:

Kenneth Arnold - Wikipedia:

Lenticular Clouds, 20 Most Incredible:

List of Reported UFO Sightings - Wikipedia:

Mantell UFO Incident - Wikipedia:

Mariana UFO Incident - Wikipedia:

Mutual UFO Network (MUFON):

Mystery Airship - Wikipedia:

Mystic Places - Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku):

National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena:

Nearest Stars (as Seen from the Earth):

Olympic National Park - WA  USA

Olympic National Park - Wikipedia

ParaScope: Something Strange Is Happening
("No longer publishing NEW content"):

Petroglyphs and Cave Art -

Petroglyph National Monument - NM  USA:

Petroglyph - Wikipedia:

Project Blue Book "Unknowns":

Project Blue Book Archive:

Project Blue Book - Wikipedia:

ProjectMoondust.pdf -

PumaPunku Debunked:

Pyramids - Wikipedia:

Radio, History of - Wikipedia:

Renard, Charles - Wikipedia:

Robert Charroux - Wikipedia:

Roswell UFO Incident -

Roswell UFO Incident - Wikipedia:

Roswell UFO Incident, Witness Accounts of - Wikipedia:

Roswell UFO Museum Online:

Saucers, Flying - Wikipedia:

Ships, Sky (Sky Ships and Storm Wizards) - Mysterious Universe:

Skeptics Dictionary:

Sky Ships and Storm Wizards - Mysterious Universe:

Storm Wizards, Sky Ships and - Mysterious Universe:

String Theory - "The Official Web Site":

String Theory - Wikipedia:

Telephone, Invention of - Wikipedia:

Transistor - Wikipedia:

Transistor, History of - Wikipedia:

UFO Sightings in the United States - Wikipedia:

UFO Casebook:

UFO Digest:

UFO Encounters:

UFO Evidence:

UFO Picture:


Vacuum Tube - Wikipedia:

Witness Accounts of the Roswell UFO Incident - Wikipedia:

Wizards, Storm (Sky Ships and Storm Wizards) - Mysterious Universe:

Wright Brothers - Official Website:

Zeppelin - Wikipedia:

Zeppelin LZ 1- Wikipedia:

ALSO: List of 701 "UNEXPLAINED" UFO Project Blue Book Reports: - ARCHIVED COPY




  09.99      ETC: Contact Information

Anything sent to the following e-addy won't be put up on our website unless you first give us your permission.
With that in mind, YOU CAN CONTACT US AT:

     [email protected].

LAST UPDATED: September 23, 2013
by myself and Caty.